Hernia occurs when an internal tissue or organ protrudes through a weakened portion of surrounding tissue layer. Common symptoms of hernia include swelling, pain, inflammation, and discomfort in the abdominal region. Hernia is more common in elderly adults. Some risk factors for hernia are chronic constipation, obesity, multiple abdominal surgeries, difficulty in urination (prostate problems) etc.
Surgery is the primary treatment for hernia. Certain lifestyle changes can minimize the risk of developing hernia. Proper diet rich in fibers and whole grains, regular activity, routined lifestyle and prescribed medication can prevent hernia in the elderly adults. Light exercises that strengthen core muscles around the torso and pelvic region, like low impact yoga, can be practised under the supervision of a physiotherapist. Hernia supportive devices are available which reduce pain and discomfort by pushing back the bulging tissue. Abdominal supports, belts, and braces provide pain relief, especially in post surgical care. If you are a caregiver, you must ensure complete rest for the patient during post surgical recovery. Adult diapers and underpads will take care of the patient's bathroom needs. Walking aids like walking sticks and walkers can help the patient to walk slowly after few weeks of recovery.